The Language and Learning Lab at the University of Toronto is a child development lab interested in how young children think and learn about the world around them.

To understand how children accomplish this,
we ask questions related to three streams of research.


How do young children learn best? Do different types of picture books have an effect on learning? Is there a difference between guided play and play-based learning?


“If I had taken another route, I would have been on time!” – If you ever thought this, then you used counterfactual reasoning. This is the ability to think about alternatives to events that have occurred, and often involves thinking about how an outcome would change if a preceding event had occurred differently.


Communication among people does not always convey explicit messages – when do children begin to understand the implicit messages? How do children use symbols to communicate?